The basic low that one must understand in residential plumbing is that water flows easily due to gravity, water is also under high pressure due to the pumping system and water is always seeking to find its own level in the vessels it’s flowing in.
The residential plumbing system in every home is normally composed of two distinct separate subsystems. One subsystem brings clean and fresh water to the house mainly in the kitchen, sinks, bathrooms, toilets, water tabs, to the farm and any other installed place in the house. The other subsystem takes waste water away from the house. The water that flows in to the house is always at high pressure in order to bypass corners and allow it to flow upstairs. This incoming flow always passes through a meter which registers the amount of water that is being used at home; these readings are used when one is paying for the water bills.
In residential plumbing main water shutoff or valve is located close to the meter and in case of any plumbing emergency, for example if there is leakage or a pipe bursts one should quickly rush and shut off the main valve to save the house from flooding and wasting water. But incase the emergency is confined only to a specific area such as the toilet or sink one may not wish to close down the entire system that is why it is very important to fix individual stop valve in addition to the main valve.
Water from the main supply is clean and ready for use in cold water needs but the hot water supply has to pass through the home water heater where it is heated and maintained to the required set temperature from the water heater the hot water is carried via the hot water line to all the fixtures and outlets that require hot water.
The residential plumbing of drainage system from the house do not require pressure as the supply systems do thus the drainage pipe are installed at an inclined angle to allow the waste water flow freely due to the natural effect of gravity. The sewer line also allows the waste water to flow in to the treatment facility or a septic tank
It’s important to note that the residential plumbing system is not as simple as it sounds there are more detailed features involved such as the traps, vents, and clean outs. The vents stick up the rooftops to allow air in to the drain pipes if this was not the case water would not flow out easily and the water in the trap would force one to manually siphon it away.
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